Fainting and Syncope
Syncope is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness associated with a loss of postural tone from which recovery is spontaneous. Up to 15% of children experience a syncopal attack by the time they reach adolescence.
Although the aetiology of syncopal events in children is often benign, syncope can also occur as a result of more serious, usually cardiac disease with the potential for sudden death.
Fainting or syncope is usually not benign unless proven otherwise and require detail history including family history, assessment and appropriate investigations including ECG, Holter and Echocardiography as early as possible after such an event. Many of the underlying causes can be effectively treated once a potential cause is found and many may require further investigations in a tertiary paediatric cardiology facility.